The work alters Mount Rushmore to feature the top four third party and independent candidates from the past 25 years.
1. Ross Perot – Texas billionaire who ran two self-financed campaigns for president in 1992 and 1996. In 1992, as an independent, he participated in the official presidential debate against President George H.W. Bush and then-Democratic Party nominee Bill Clinton. Ultimately, he received 18.9% of the popular vote in that election, the most a third party or independent presidential candidate has received since. In 1996, as nominee of the newly created Reform Party, he received 8.4% of the popular vote.
2. Ron Paul – former Republican congressman who ran as the Libertarian Party presidential nominee in the 1988 presidential election. He later returned to Congress as a Republican, but often defied party leadership to promote libertarian ideas. His 2008 presidential campaign for the Republican Party nomination introduced many young people to libertarianism. During that year’s general election, loyal supporters placed him on the ballots of Louisiana and Montana, where he received 0.48% and 2.17% of the popular vote, respectively.
3. Ralph Nader – consumer advocate who officially ran four times as a third party and independent candidate for president in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008. His most successful run came in 2000, when he received 2.74% of the popular vote as the nominee of the Green Party.
4. Jesse Ventura – former professional wrestler elected Governor of Minnesota in 1998 with 36.99% of the popular vote as the nominee of the Reform Party. He later joined the Independence Party of Minnesota after paleoconservative Pat Buchanan took over the Reform Party in 2000. Since his gubernatorial term expired in 2003, he has been mentioned as a potential independent or third party presidential candidate, most recently as a possible candidate for the Libertarian Party’s 2016 presidential nomination.